Often asked: What Is Western Science?

What is Western science based on?

Western science is based on an academic and literate transmission, while traditional knowledge is often passed on orally from one generation to the next by the elders.

How does Native science differ from Western science?

In contrast to Western knowledge, which tends to be text based, reductionist, hierarchical and dependent on categorization (putting things into categories), Indigenous science does not strive for a universal set of explanations but is particularistic in orientation and often contextual.

What is Western science and technology?

This knowledge is also known as western science. It is knowledge that relies on the established laws through the application of the scientific method to the phenomena. Its method begins with an observation and is followed by a prediction or hypothesis that has to be tested.

Is there a conflict between Western science and indigenous knowledge?

The conflict between indigenous methods of knowledge-production and the Western scientific paradigm is often expressed through traumatic and destructive hybridity (a concept discussed at length in Chapter 4), and is often resolved through hybridity that is productive and allows for synthesis.

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Is science a Western concept?

Modern science arose in Western Europe during the Renaissance and developed mostly in Europe before becoming a worldwide pursuit in the 20th century. Why did modern science originate in Western Europe and not elsewhere?

What is the difference between indigenous knowledge and Western knowledge?

There are fundamental differences between indigenous knowledge and western scientific knowledge. Indigenous knowledge is recorded and transmitted through oral tradition, whereas western science employs the written word.

Is there one science Western science?

If all cultures have developed their own forms of knowledge, the spectacular success of a certain form of knowledge, science, notably in the west, has frequently led to its being exclusively attributed to the west. Yet science remains only one of many forms of knowledge and the west only one of its producers.

What is the importance of indigenous science?

Indigenous science informs place-specific resource management and land-care practices important for environmental health of tribal and federal lands. We require greater recognition and support for tribal consultation and participation in the co-management, protection, and restoration of our ancestral lands.

When did Western science start?

When it was first published in 1992, The Beginnings of Western Science was lauded as the first successful attempt ever to present a unified account of both ancient and medieval science in a single volume.

What does Western knowledge mean?

Science or Western science is the system of knowledge which relies on certain laws that have been established through the application of the scientific method to phenomena in the world around us. The process of the scientific method begins with an observation followed by a prediction or hypothesis which is then tested.

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What is an example of traditional knowledge?

Traditional knowledge includes types of knowledge about traditional technologies of subsistence (e.g. tools and techniques for hunting or agriculture), midwifery, ethnobotany and ecological knowledge, traditional medicine, celestial navigation, craft skills, ethnoastronomy, climate, and others.

What is non Western science?

This includes people working in areas such as textiles, ceramics, architecture, farming, parenting and psychology. Contributions are welcome from those working on topics involving the history and practice of science and culture around the world.

Why do some people believe in indigenous science?

Answer: Indigenous Peoples generally believe they are responsible for the well-being of the natural environment around them. Indigenous knowledge is rooted in a social context that sees the world in terms of social and spiritual relations among all life forms.

Why Traditional knowledge is important?

The significance of traditional knowledge Traditional knowledge (TK) is integral to the identity of most local communities. Their rich endowment of TK and biodiversity plays a critical role in their health care, food security, culture, religion, identity, environment, trade and development.

What are indigenous peoples?

Indigenous Peoples are distinct social and cultural groups that share collective ancestral ties to the lands and natural resources where they live, occupy or from which they have been displaced. There are between 370 and 500 million Indigenous Peoples worldwide, in over 90 countries.

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