Which Of The Following Is A Technology That Developed From Discoveries In Nuclear Science?

What is nuclear science and technology?

Abstract. Nuclear development can be defined, in a broad sense, as nuclear science and technology, which are both based on the reactions involved in radiation such as neutrons, gamma rays, and other charged particles with nuclei.

What are examples of nuclear technology?

Among the notable nuclear technologies are nuclear reactors, nuclear medicine and nuclear weapons. It is also used, among other things, in smoke detectors and gun sights.

When was nuclear technology invented?

The idea of nuclear power began in the 1930s, when physicist Enrico Fermi first showed that neutrons could split atoms. Fermi led a team that in 1942 achieved the first nuclear chain reaction, under a stadium at the University of Chicago.

Who discovered nuclear technology?

By 1900, physicists knew the atom contains large quantities of energy. British physicist Ernest Rutherford was called the father of nuclear science because of his contribution to the theory of atomic structure.

Where is nuclear science used?

In addition, nuclear medicine procedures are used to diagnose Alzheimer’s disease, treat hyperthyroidism, assess coronary artery disease, localize tumors, and diagnose pulmonary emboli. The science of nuclear medicine, however, goes far beyond the radiopharmaceuticals used for imaging and treatment.

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Is nuclear science important?

Nuclear science is crucial to understanding our universe, our world, and ourselves at the atomic level. If we can understand how atoms come together, interact, and can be best combined with other atoms, then new, more efficient materials and medicines can be developed.

What are 2 examples of nuclear energy?

Nuclear Energy Examples and Uses

  • Nuclear Fusion. When you think about nuclear fusion, think about things fusing together.
  • Nuclear Fission.
  • Electricity.
  • Nuclear Weapons.
  • Space Exploration.
  • Nuclear Medicine.
  • Food Treatments.

Is nuclear bomb a technology?

The atomic bomb, and nuclear bombs, are powerful weapons that use nuclear reactions as their source of explosive energy. Scientists first developed nuclear weapons technology during World War II.

What are 3 uses for nuclear reactions?

These range from agriculture to medical, and space exploration to water desalination.

  • Agriculture and Food. In many parts of the world, agricultural workers use radiation to prevent harmful insects from reproducing.
  • Medical.
  • Space Exploration.
  • Water Desalination.

Why is nuclear energy bad?

Nuclear energy produces radioactive waste A major environmental concern related to nuclear power is the creation of radioactive wastes such as uranium mill tailings, spent (used) reactor fuel, and other radioactive wastes. These materials can remain radioactive and dangerous to human health for thousands of years.

Is nuclear technology good?

Reliable Unlike solar and wind energy, nuclear energy is extremely reliable. You can even control how much energy is produced at any given moment, which means you can produce exactly what is needed. This by itself makes it one of the most important factors when it comes to selecting it as an energy source.

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Is nuclear power viable?

Although nuclear energy isn’t considered renewable energy, it does not emit any of the greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming. Our aging nuclear plants need to be replaced but the new ones fail to compete on price with natural gas and renewable sources such as wind and solar.

Why is nuclear technology important?

Nuclear is the largest source of clean power in the United States. It generates nearly 800 billion kilowatt hours of electricity each year and produces more than half of the nation’s emissions-free electricity.

Who is called the father of Indian nuclear science?

Homi Jenhagir Bhabha (1909-1966) was an Indian physicist who is often considered the father of the Indian nuclear program. Bhabha was born to a wealthy family in Mumbai. In 1927, he went to England at Cambridge University.

Is nuclear energy clean?

Nuclear is a zero-emission clean energy source. It generates power through fission, which is the process of splitting uranium atoms to produce energy. The heat released by fission is used to create steam that spins a turbine to generate electricity without the harmful byproducts emitted by fossil fuels.

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